Nov. 9 (UPI) — On this date in history:
In 1872, a fire which began in the basement of a warehouse in downtown Boston raged for 12 hours, consuming 65 acres and leaving 776 buildings in ruins. The Great Boston Fire killed at least 30 people.
In 1906, Theodore Roosevelt traveled to Panama to observe the progress being made on the construction of the canal. He was the first sitting president of the United States to embark on an official trip outside the country.
In 1918, Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated as World War I drew to a close.
In 1938, mobs of Germans attacked Jewish businesses and homes throughout Germany in what became known as Kristallnacht, or Crystal Night.
In 1953, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled Major League Baseball isn’t within the scope of federal antitrust laws.
In 1965, a massive power failure left more than 30 million people in the dark in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada.
In 1985, Gary Kasparov, 22, became the youngest world chess champion, ending the 10-year reign of Anatoly Karpov in Moscow.
In 1989, East Germany announced free passage for its citizens through border checkpoints. The announcement rendered the Berlin Wall, the most reviled symbol of the Cold War, virtually irrelevant 28 years after its construction.
In 1995, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat visited Israel for the first time to offer personal condolences to the wife of slain Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
In 2007, Germany’s Bundestag passes a heavily criticized data retention bill, mandating the collection of its citizen’s telecom data for six months without probable cause.
In 2008, three men were executed by firing squad for 2002 bombings in Bali that killed 202 people, mostly tourists.
In 2011, a burgeoning child sexual-abuse scandal at Penn State University involving former defensive coordinator Jerry Sandusky claimed its legendary football coach when the school’s board of trustees fired Joe Paterno.
In 2012, CIA Director David Petraeus resigned, citing an extramarital affair.
In 2015, the World Anti-Doping Agency recommended that Russia be banned from international sporting events due to systematic doping by athletes. Of the 389 athletes submitted for competition in the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, 111 were prohibited in stringent doping tests required of all Russian athletes.
In 2018, a series of car bombs detonated in the Somali capital of Mogadishu, killing more than 50 people.